Types of Diabetes

Could You Have Undiagnosed Diabetes? – Pinnaclecare

Glucose is a critically important source of energy for the body’s cells. To provide energy to the cells, glucose needs to leave the bloodstream and get inside the cells. An organ in the abdomen called the pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which is essential to helping glucose get into the body’s cells.

In diabetes, either the pancreas’s ability to produce insulin or the cells’ response to insulin is altered. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This means it begins when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks other cells in the body. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells (called beta cells) in the pancreas.

Without insulin, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream rather than entering the cells. As a result, the body cannot use this glucose for energy. In addition, the high levels of blood glucose cause excessive urination and dehydration and damage the body’s tissues. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body’s cells become less responsive to insulin’s efforts to drive glucose into the cells, a condition called insulin resistance.

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In people with insulin resistance, the pancreas “sees” the blood glucose level rises. The pancreas responds by making extra insulin to try to usher the glucose into the cells. At first, this works, but over time, the body’s insulin resistance gets worse. In response, the pancreas makes more and more insulin.

As a result, blood glucose levels rise and stay high. Type 2 diabetes is also called adult-onset diabetes. That’s because it almost always used to start in middle or late adulthood. However, more and more children and teens are now developing this condition. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes. list of diabetes symptoms.

Like the other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes happens when the hormone insulin can’t efficiently move sugar (glucose) into the body’s cells so it can be used as fuel. In gestational diabetes, the body does not respond well to insulin, unless insulin can be produced or provided in larger amounts.

Could You Have Undiagnosed Diabetes? – Pinnaclecare

Diabetes initially might not cause any symptoms. It can sometimes be caught early with a routine blood test before a person develops symptoms. When diabetes does cause symptoms, they may include excessive urination excessive thirst, leading to drinking a lot of fluid weight loss. People with diabetes also have an increased susceptibility to infections, especially yeast (Candida) infections.

The body can become too acidic, a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Or the blood sugar level gets so high, the person becomes severely dehydrated. It’s called a hyperosmolar syndrome. The symptoms of these complications include confused thinking, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and even seizures and coma. In some cases, diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar syndrome is the first sign that a person has diabetes.

Too much glucose-lowering medicine, relative to dietary intake, can lead to a blood sugar level that has dropped too low (called hypoglycemia). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include: sweating trembling dizziness hunger confusion seizures and loss of consciousness (if hypoglycemia is not recognized and corrected). You can correct hypoglycemia by eating or drinking something that has carbohydrates.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms – Diabetes Daily

Long-term diabetes can have other complications, including Atherosclerosis, which is a fat buildup in the artery walls. This can impair blood flow to all parts of the body. The heart, brain, and legs are affected most often. — Tiny blood vessels in the retina (the part of the eye that sees light) can become damaged by high blood sugar.

Both reduce the retina’s ability to see light. Caught early, retinopathy damage can be minimized by tightly controlling blood sugar and using laser therapy. Untreated retinopathy can lead to blindness. — This is another term for nerve damage. The most common type is peripheral neuropathy, which affects nerves in the feet and hands. pregnancy diabetes symptoms.

This can advance to cause symptoms in the legs and hands. Damage to the nerves that control digestion, sexual function, and urination can also occur. — Any sores, injuries, or blisters on the feet can lead to the following complications: If peripheral neuropathy causes numbness, a person may not feel any irritation or injury that occurs on the foot.

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Left untreated, a simple sore can become very large and get infected. If medical treatment cannot heal the sore, an amputation may be required. — This refers to damage to the kidneys. This complication is more likely if blood sugars remain elevated and high blood pressure is not treated aggressively.

A blood sample is taken in the morning after you fast overnight. A normal fasting blood sugar level is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Diabetes is diagnosed if the fasting blood sugar level is 126 mg/dL or higher. Your blood sugar is measured two hours after you drink a liquid containing 75 grams of glucose.

A blood sugar of 200 mg/dL or greater at any time of day, combined with symptoms of diabetes, is sufficient to make the diagnosis. This test measures your average blood glucose level over the prior two to three months. Diabetes is diagnosed if the hemoglobin A1c level is 6.5% or higher.

Diabetes – Wikipedia

Usually, type 2 diabetes is also life-long. However, people with type 2 diabetes can sometimes restore their blood sugar levels to normal just by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and losing weight. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after childbirth. However, women with gestational diabetes are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

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As a result, additional treatment typically is required over time. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. You can decrease your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. If a close relative—particularly, a parent or sibling—has type 2 diabetes, or if your blood glucose test shows “pre-diabetes” (defined as blood glucose levels between 100 and 125 mg/dL), you are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

exercising regularly—such as a brisk walk of 1-2 miles in 30 minutes—at least five times a week, even if that does not result in you achieving an ideal weight. That’s because regular exercise reduces insulin resistance even if you don’t lose weight. eating a healthy diet. taking medication. The medication metformin (Glucophage) offers some additional protection for people with pre-diabetes.

Symptoms & Causes Of Diabetes – Niddk

This helps reduce the risk of most complications. Aggressively manage other risk factors for atherosclerosis, such as high blood pressure high cholesterol and triglycerides cigarette smoking obesity This can help you reduce the risk of eye and foot complications. Type 1 diabetes is always treated with insulin injections. In most cases, type 2 diabetes treatment begins with weight reduction through diet and exercise.

Most people with type 2 diabetes need drug therapy to control blood sugar. However, it is possible to achieve normal blood sugar levels with weight loss, a healthy diet, and regular exercise. Even if medications are required, diet and exercise remain important for controlling diabetes. The medications used for type 2 diabetes include pills and injections.

They include medications that: reduce insulin resistance in the muscles and liver increase the amount of insulin made and released by the pancreas provide additional insulin cause a burst of insulin release with each meal delays the absorption of sugars from the intestine slow your digestion reduce your appetite for large meals decrease the conversion of fat to glucose.

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If you have diabetes, see your doctor regularly. People with high blood sugar levels have a higher risk of dehydration. Contact your doctor immediately if you develop vomiting or diarrhea and are not able to drink enough fluids. Monitor your blood sugar as advised by your health care team (is diabetes a chronic disease). Report any significant deviations in blood sugar levels.

It depends on how well an individual modifies his or her risk of complications. If blood sugar is not well controlled, it can increase a person’s risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease, which can result in premature death. Disability due to blindness, amputation, heart disease, stroke, and nerve damage may occur – does eating sugar cause diabetes.

Diabetes is one of the most commonly-diagnosed ailments in the world, with 30.3 million individuals—that’s 9.4 percent of the total American population—dealing with the disease in the United States alone. Scarier yet is that 7.2 million diabetics in the United States don’t even realize they have it. While discovering you have diabetes can be a terrifying prospect, the sooner you’re treated, the more manageable your condition will be.

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Before you find yourself shocked by a diabetes diagnosis, make sure you know these 20 diabetes signs you shouldn’t ignore. If you identify with any of these warning signs on the list, be sure to visit your doctor ASAP to get your blood sugar tested (signs of diabetes in men). And if you want to reduce your risk of becoming diabetic in the first place, start with the 40 Tips That Double Weight Loss! ShutterstockWhile unintentional weight loss may seem like a dream to some people, it can also be a scary sign that your pancreas isn’t working the way it’s supposed to.

However, weight loss may also help you prevent developing the condition in the first place. In fact, losing just 5 percent of your body weight may lower your risk of diabetes by as much as 58 percent. And when you’re ready to ditch a few pounds, start by adding the 40 Healthy Snack Ideas to Keep You Slim to your routine.

These spots, known as diabetic dermopathy, are thought to occur in up to 55 percent of all diabetes diagnoses. Shutterstock If you’re getting a good night’s rest but still find yourself so tired you can barely function, it’s definitely worth mentioning to your doctor. Diabetes often wreaks havoc on a person’s normal blood sugar levels, causing fatigue in the process.

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Shutterstock While poor vision is hardly uncommon—more than 60 percent of the American population wears glasses or contacts, after all—sudden changes in your vision, especially blurriness, need to be addressed by your doctor. Blurry vision is often a symptom of diabetes, as high blood sugar levels can cause swelling in the lenses of your eye, distorting your sight in the process.

ShutterstockWhether you’re dealing with frequent UTIs or skin infections, undiagnosed diabetes may be to blame. The high blood sugar associated with diabetes can weaken a person’s immune system, making them more susceptible to infection. In more advanced cases of the disease, nerve damage and tissue death can open people up to further infections, often in the skin, and could be a precursor to amputation.

Diabetics often notice that they’ve developed sweet or nail-polish-like breath before they’re diagnosed. However, if you’re dealing with this strange symptom, time is of the essence. Sweet breath is often a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis, a condition in which your body can’t effectively convert glucose into energy, keeping your blood sugar at dangerous—potentially fatal—levels if untreated. signs and symptoms of being diabetic.

Diabetes: Symptoms, Treatment, And Early Diagnosis

In fact, the majority of Americans are drinking less than half of the recommended eight glasses of water each day. However, if you’re finding yourself excessively thirsty, that could be a sign that you’re dealing with dangerously high blood sugar. Patients with diabetes often find themselves extremely thirsty as their bodies try to flush out excess sugar in their blood when their own insulin production just won’t cut it.

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The combination of your kidneys working overtime and excessive thirst makes round-the-clock peeing a reality for many people with unmanaged diabetes. Shutterstock If you’ve noticed that your gums are looking surprisingly prominent, it’s time to check in with your endocrinologist. The inflammation associated with diabetes-related high blood sugar often manifests in the mouth, causing oral issues from swollen and receding gums to excessive bleeding when you floss.