Type 2 Diabetes – Symptoms – Nhs
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel. The underlying cause of diabetes varies by type.
Too much sugar in your blood can lead to serious health problems. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes — when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes — and gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered.
Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe. Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are: Increased thirst Frequent urination Extreme hunger Unexplained weight loss Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin) Fatigue Irritability Blurred vision Slow-healing sores Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence.
If you notice any possible diabetes symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin. After you receive your diagnosis, you’ll need close medical follow-up until your blood sugar levels stabilize. To understand diabetes, first, you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body.
Diabetes – Wikipedia
The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream. The insulin circulates, enabling sugar to enter your cells. Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream. As your blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas. Glucose — a sugar — is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.
Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin. Your liver stores and makes glucose. When your glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose to keep your glucose level within a normal range.
What is known is that your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Type 1 is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though exactly what those factors are is still unclear.
In prediabetes — which can lead to type 2 diabetes — and in type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
Warning Signs Of Type 1 Diabetes – Beyond Type 1
Being overweight is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, but not everyone with type 2 is overweight. During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin. Normally, your pancreas responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance.
When this happens, too little glucose gets into your cells and too much stays in your blood, resulting in gestational diabetes. Risk factors for diabetes depend on the type of diabetes. Although the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, factors that may signal an increased risk include: Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 1 diabetes.
Sometimes family members of people with type 1 diabetes are tested for the presence of diabetes autoantibodies. If you have these autoantibodies, you have an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. But not everyone who has these autoantibodies develops diabetes. Certain countries, such as Finland and Sweden, have higher rates of type 1 diabetes – diabetes tongue.
It’s clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including: The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin. The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes: What Is It? (For Parents) – Nemours Kidshealth
Although it’s unclear why, people of certain races — including black people, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian-Americans — are at higher risk. Your risk increases as you get older. This may be because you tend to exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as you age. But type 2 diabetes is also increasing among children, adolescents and younger adults.
If you gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms), you’re also at risk of type 2 diabetes. For women, having polycystic ovary syndrome — a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity — increases the risk of diabetes. Having blood pressure over 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Triglycerides are another type of fat carried in the blood. People with high levels of triglycerides have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Your doctor can let you know what your cholesterol and triglyceride levels are. diabetes vision symptoms. Any pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk than are others.
Your risk increases if you have prediabetes — a precursor to type 2 diabetes — or if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 diabetes. You’re also at greater risk if you had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, if you delivered a very large baby or if you had an unexplained stillbirth.
Symptoms, Diagnosis And Monitoring Of Diabetes – American …
For reasons that aren’t clear, women who are black, Hispanic, American Indian or Asian are more likely to develop gestational diabetes. Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. The longer you have diabetes — and the less controlled your blood sugar — the higher the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.
If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to have heart disease or stroke. Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in your legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward.
Damage to the nerves related to digestion can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. For men, it may lead to erectile dysfunction. The kidneys contain millions of tiny blood vessel clusters (glomeruli) that filter waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage this delicate filtering system. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Diabetes also increases the risk of other serious vision conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma. Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can develop serious infections, which often heal poorly. These infections may ultimately require toe, foot or leg amputation.
How To Identify Diabetes Symptoms – Biotène
Hearing problems are more common in people with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease. The poorer your blood sugar control, the greater the risk appears to be. Although there are theories as to how these disorders might be connected, none has yet been proved.
Depression can affect diabetes management. Most women who have gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies. However, untreated or uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause problems for you and your baby. can occur as a result of gestational diabetes, including: Extra glucose can cross the placenta, which triggers your baby’s pancreas to make extra insulin (symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes).
Very large babies are more likely to require a C-section birth. Sometimes babies of mothers with gestational diabetes develop low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth because their own insulin production is high. Prompt feedings and sometimes an intravenous glucose solution can return the baby’s blood sugar level to normal.
Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth. also can occur as a result of gestational diabetes, including: This condition is characterized by high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine, and swelling in the legs and feet. Preeclampsia can lead to serious or even life-threatening complications for both mother and baby.
Elder Diabetes Patients — Know The Signs And Symptoms Of …
You’re also more likely to develop diabetes — typically type 2 diabetes — as you get older. Prediabetes may develop into type 2 diabetes.Show more related information Type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented. However, the same healthy lifestyle choices that help treat prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can also help prevent them: Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber.
Strive for variety to prevent boredom. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day. Take a brisk daily walk. Ride your bike. Swim laps. If you can’t fit in a long workout, break it up into smaller sessions spread throughout the day. If you’re overweight, losing even 7 percent of your body weight — for example, 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms) if you weigh 200 pounds (90.7 kilograms) — can reduce the risk of diabetes.
Talk to your doctor about how much weight is healthy for you to gain during pregnancy. To keep your weight in a healthy range, focus on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits. Motivate yourself by remembering the benefits of losing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy and improved self-esteem.
Oral diabetes drugs such as metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others) may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes — but healthy lifestyle choices remain essential. Have your blood sugar checked at least once a year to check that you haven’t developed type 2 diabetes. Aug. type 2 diabetes symptoms. 08, 2018 .
Diabetes Center: Diabetes Overview, Symptoms, Causes And …
SOURCES: Cleveland Clinic: “Diabetes: Frequently Asked Questions” and “What Is Diabetes?” “Diabetes: Preventing Complications,” “Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar).” University of Michigan Health System: “Type 1 Diabetes.” National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: “Am I at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower Your Risk of Getting Diabetes.” Baylor Scott & White Healthcare: “Urinary Frequency” and “Diabetes and Diabetic Neuropathy Hard-to-Heal Wounds.” Sutter Health: “Question & Answer: Is Sudden Weight Loss a Sign of Diabetes? If So, Why?” Neithercott, T.
University of Rochester Medical Center: “Diabetic Skin Troubles (does diabetes cause headaches).” Joslin Diabetes Center: “Diseases of the Eye” and “Diabetic Neuropathy: What You Need to Know.” The Nemours Foundation: “When Blood Sugar Is Too High.” Virginia Mason Medical Center: “Complications.” Carolinas Health System: “Diabetes: Yeast Infections and Diabetes: What You Should Know.” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Symptoms & Causes of Gestational Diabetes.” Geisinger Health: “3 reasons diabetic wounds are slow to heal.” American Diabetes Association: “Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS),” “Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Glucose),” “Skin Complications.” Diabetes Educational Services: “Diabetes Detectives — Finding Uncommon Conditions.” Merck Manual: “Hypoglycemia.” .
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make – diabetes symptoms.
The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood. Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy.